Agenda Kenya
Kenya YearBook

22. Kiambu

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Located in central Kenya, it borders Murang’a county to the north and north east, Machakos county to the east, Nairobi and Kajiado counties to the south, Nakuru county to the west, and Nyandarua county to the north west.

Area

2,543.4km2

Climate/Weather

Temperatures range from a minimum of 12.8°C to a maximum of 24.6°C with an average of 18.7°C. The average rainfall is 989mm per annum.

Road network

Bitumen surface (1,358km), gravel surface (682.6km), earth surface (430.1km)

Population

1,623,282 people

Population density: 638 people per km2

National percentage:  4.20 per cent

Annual growth rate: 2.56

Government

County capital: Kiambu Town (proposed)

Constituencies: Gatundu South, Gatundu North, Juja, Thika Town, Ruiru, Githunguri, Kiambu, Kiambaa, Kabete, Kikuyu, Limuru and Lari

Economy

Poverty level: 25 per cent (Kiambu District) and 48 per cent (Thika District)

Resources: Arable land, forests, water falls

Tourist attractions: Mau Mau Caves, Paradise Lost, Chania Falls and Fourteen Falls, Mugumo Gardens, Christina Wangare Gardens.

Main economic activities/industries:  Farming, food processing, manufacturing (leather), mining (carbacid), textile  (cotton), motor vehicle assembly,  wholesale and retail trade.

Agricultural products: Pineapples, tea,  coffee, wheat, macadamia nuts, poultry, horticulture, dairy, fish.

Education

Number of institutions (2007): Primary  (1,135), Secondary (373)

Enrollment: Primary 291,765, Secondary  73,831

Tertiary: More than 15

Health

Health facilities: Four District Hospitals,  three sub-district hospitals, dispensaries (108), health centres (29), medical  clinics (170), nursing homes (nine),  maternity homes (one), others (22)

Notable hospitals: Kiambu District Hospital, Thika District Hospital, Immaculate Heart of Mary Hospital, Kijabe  Mission Hospital.

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